Table 2.

Baseline values and change scores

Resistance Training (n = 44)Aerobic Training (n = 38)Aerobic + Resistance Training (n = 37)
VariableBaselineChangeP ValueBaselineChangeP ValueBaselineChangeP Value
Body weight, kg88.7 (15.6)0.83 (2.32)0.022*88.0 (11.1)−1.76 (3.00)0.001*88.9 (11.5)−1.63 (3.17)0.004*
Peak VO2, ml/kg/min27.0 (6.24)1.26 (2.38)0.001*27.3 (5.57)3.43 (3.54)<0.0001*27.0 (5.78)4.25 (2.97)<0.0001*
Strength, kg/session9094 (3373)4306 (2630)<0.0001*N/AN/AN/A8779 (2704)3810 (2508)<0.0001*
Food intake, kcal/day2009 (569)−81.8 (621)0.4352009 (570)−66.4 (320)0.2032100 (478)−133.8 (547)0.1348
Fat mass, kg34.3 (9.12)−0.26 (2.16)0.42934.7 (7.89)−1.66 (2.67)0.001*34.9 (8.92)−2.44 (2.97)<0.0001*
Lean body mass, kg54.4 (13.3)1.09 (1.54)<0.0001*53.3 (8.71)−0.10 (1.22)0.61354.0 (9.59)0.81 (1.38)0.001*
Fat %38.8 (8.69)−0.65 (1.70)0.015*39.4 (7.17)−1.01 (1.92)0.003*39.2 (8.12)−2.04 (2.23)<0.0001*
Thigh CT muscle area, mm213431 (3215)681.9 (594.1)<0.0001*13523 (2660)43.4 (324.5)0.47713247 (2686)587.4 (697.6)<0.0001*
Waist circumference, cm293.6 (9.06)−0.06 (1.96)0.84896.1 (10.25)−1.01 (2.91)0.039*97.3 (8.89)−1.66 (2.65)0.001*
  • Values are means (SD). There were no significant baseline differences between groups. Fat mass, lean body mass, and fat % are from either BOD POD or DEXA.