Table 5.

Nature of the relationships between cardiac dimensions and body size as reported in the literature

ModalityReferenceStructures StudiednIndexExponential Growth ModelExponentNonconstant Variance
Valves and vessels
    Autopsy81MPA,RPA,LPA126d/HtNo
    Autopsy80AVA,AsAo,AoIs,PVA,MPA,RPA,LPA126d/HtNo
    Angio68AVA,AsAo,PVA,MPA,RPA,LPA24BSA0.47–0.58Yes
    Angio25AVA,MPA,RPA,LPA35BSA0.45–0.69No
    Angio50RPA,LPA40a/BSAYes
    2DEcho31MPA,AsAo173d/BSA0.5BSA0.5No
    2DEcho73AsAo,TrAo,RPA,MPA110BSA0.5Yes
    2DEcho25AVA,AsAo,RPA7d/BSA0.5No
    2DEcho23AVA,PVA70a/BSABSA0.5Yes
    2DEcho61AVA187a/BSANo
    2DEcho13AVA36a/BSANo
    2DEcho70AVA,PVA36a/BSANo
    2DEcho37RPA50d/BSA0.5BSA0.51–0.52No
    2DEcho57MVA20a/BSANo
    2DEcho59MVA50a/BSANo
    2DEchoPersonal19 valve or vessel diameters496d/BSA0.5BSA0.45–0.52Yes
Left ventricular volume and mass
    Angio25RVV,LVV819BSA1.34–1.52No
    Angio36RVV,LVV105BSA1.17–1.34Yes
    Angio51LVV24BSA1.3No
    2DEcho25LVM,LVV7v/BSA1.5No
    2DEcho14LVM611v/BSA1.5BSA1.3–1.6Yes
    Conduct29LVV10v/Wt
    2DEchoPersonalLVV496BSA1.27–1.36Yes
Left ventricular diameter
    2DEcho55EDD268BSA0.42–0.48Yes
    2DEcho28EDD105BSA0.5Yes
    2DEcho24EDD145Ht,Wt,BSA0.33–0.5No
    2DEcho25EDD819BSA0.36–0.51Yes
    2DEcho38EDD202BSA0.41–0.44No
    2DEchoPersonalEDD256BSA0.43Yes
  • a, Area; AsAo, ascending aorta; Angio, angiography; 2DEcho, 2-dimensional echocardiography; Conduct, conductance catheter; Personal, present study; d, diameter; Ht, height; LVM, left ventricular mass; LVV, left ventricular volume; n, number of subjects; RVV, right ventricular volume; Wt, weight; v, volume.