In mice, transgenic manipulation of Ca2+-handling proteins is sufficient to alter the metabolic phenotype of muscle. We have previously shown that ablation of sarcolipin (SLN), a regulatory protein and uncoupler of sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPases, leads to excessive diet-induced obesity and glucose intolerance in mice. However, it is unclear how loss of SLN per se affects muscle oxidative capacity and the ability of mitochondria to adapt to physiological stimuli such as exercise training or calorie overload. To address this, Sln-/- and wild-type (WT) littermates were given access to voluntary running wheels or underwent a treadmill training protocol for 8 weeks. Furthermore, a separate group of mice were given a high-fat diet (42%kcal from fat for 8 weeks) to determine if the excessively obese phenotype of Sln-/- mice is associated with altered oxidative capacity. While voluntary running was insufficient to elicit mitochondrial adaptations, treadmill trained mice showed significant increases (P <0.05) in the maximal activities of succinate dehydrogenase (+11%), citrate synthase (+12%), cytochrome oxidase (COX: +17%), along with increased protein expression of cytochrome-c (+34%) and COXIV (+28%), which were irrespective of SLN expression. Lastly, no changes in the activities of mitochondrial marker enzymes existed with high-fat feeding, regardless of genotype. Together, these findings indicate that SLN is not overtly involved in the regulation of oxidative capacity in response to physiological stress, namely exercise or caloric surfeit.
- oxidative capacity
- Copyright © 2016, Journal of Applied Physiology