Cardiovascular disease, particularly the occurrence of myocardial infarction (MI), remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. There is growing recognition that a key factor for post-MI outcomes is adverse remodeling and changes in the regional structure, composition, and mechanical properties of the MI region itself. However, in-vivo assessment of regional mechanics post-MI can be confounded by the species, temporal aspects of MI healing, as well as size, location, and extent of infarction across myocardial wall. Moreover, MI regional mechanics have been assessed over varying phases of the cardiac cycle and thus uniform conclusions regarding the material properties of the MI region can be difficult. This review assesses past studies that have performed in-vivo measures of MI mechanics and attempts to provide coalescence on key points from these studies as well as put forth potential recommendations for unifying approaches in terms of regional post-MI mechanics. A uniform approach to biophysical measures of import will allow comparisons across studies as well as provide a basis for potential therapeutic markers.
- myocardial infarction
- myocardial mechanics
- in vivo
- Copyright © 2015, Journal of Applied Physiology