Journal of Applied Physiology


The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of creatine supplementation (CrS) on sprint exercise performance and skeletal muscle anaerobic metabolism during and after sprint exercise. Eight active, untrained men performed a 20-s maximal sprint on an air-braked cycle ergometer after 5 days of CrS [30 g creatine (Cr) + 30 g dextrose per day] or placebo (30 g dextrose per day). The trials were separated by 4 wk, and a double-blind crossover design was used. Muscle and blood samples were obtained at rest, immediately after exercise, and after 2 min of passive recovery. CrS increased the muscle total Cr content (9.5 ± 2.0%, P < 0.05, mean ± SE); however, 20-s sprint performance was not improved by CrS. Similarly, the magnitude of the degradation or accumulation of muscle (e.g., adenine nucleotides, phosphocreatine, inosine 5′-monophosphate, lactate, and glycogen) and plasma metabolites (e.g., lactate, hypoxanthine, and ammonia/ammonium) were also unaffected by CrS during exercise or recovery. These data demonstrated that CrS increased muscle total Cr content, but the increase did not induce an improved sprint exercise performance or alterations in anaerobic muscle metabolism.

  • adenine nucleotides
  • creatine loading
  • ergogenic aid
  • anaerobic energy metabolism
  • recovery


  • Address for reprint requests: R. J. Snow, School of Human Movement, Deakin Univ., 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood 3125, Australia (E-mail:rsnow{at}

  • The authors acknowledge the support of the Australian Sports Commission and the generous donation of creatine monohydrate by Musashi Pty. Ltd.

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