Levels of adenosine, inosine, and hypoxanthine from the interstitial space at the nucleus tractus solitarii were measured by microdialysis in eight 20- to 25-day-old anesthetized spontaneously breathing piglets. Microdialyzed samples were collected every 30 min for 2 h after the insertion of the probe to ensure stability of purine levels and then during 30 min each of normoxia, hypoxia (10% O2–90% N2), and normoxia. The purines were separated by high-pressure liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection and quantified at 254-nm wavelength. Tidal volume, breathing frequency, minute ventilation, mean arterial blood pressure, pH, and gas tensions were measured. Compared with control, adenosine levels during hypoxia increased by 40.7 +/- 5.5% and then tended to decline during the recovery from hypoxia, but the levels remained higher than in control. Ventilatory measures exhibited a modest biphasic pattern during hypoxia and resumed control values by 10 min after the removal of the hypoxia. The increased adenosine release during hypoxia provides additional evidence for the possible participation of adenosine in the central suppression of breathing during hypoxia.
- Copyright © 1995 the American Physiological Society