The effects of an exhaustive bout of eccentric exercise on insulin secretion and action were determined using the hyperglycemic clamp technique. Clamps were performed on eight healthy men after 7 days of inactivity and approximately 36 h after a bout of eccentric exercise. Eccentric exercise consisted of 10 sets of 10 repetitions of combined knee extensions and flexions for each leg at a mean torque 84 +/- 5% of peak concentric torque. During the hyperglycemic clamp procedure, plasma glucose concentration was acutely raised to 10 mmol/l and was maintained near this level for 120 min. Arterialized blood samples were obtained from a heated hand vein to determine plasma glucose and insulin concentrations. Eccentric exercise appeared to produce marked muscle damage, as indicated by a 50-fold increase in plasma creatine phosphokinase (100 +/- 17 vs. 5,209 +/- 3,811 U/l, P < 0.001) and subjective reports of muscle soreness. Peak insulin response during the early phase (0–10 min) of the hyperglycemic clamp was higher after eccentric exercise (183 +/- 38 microU/ml) than after the control clamp (100 +/- 23 microU/ml, P < 0.005). Late-phase (10- to 120-min) insulin response was not altered after eccentric exercise. Peak plasma C-peptide concentrations were higher during the early phase (5.0 +/- 0.7 vs. 4.3 +/- 0.8 ng/ml, P < 0.05) and the late phase (7.5 +/- 0.9 vs. 5.4 +/- 0.6 ng/ml, P < 0.05). Prior eccentric exercise had no significant effect on whole body glucose disposal or glucose disposal rate adjusted for prevailing plasma insulin concentration. These data provide evidence that a single bout of eccentric exercise causes an increase in pancreatic beta-cell insulin secretion in response to hyperglycemia.
- Copyright © 1993 the American Physiological Society