The effect of high-intensity intermittent training on the adenine nucleotide content of skeletal muscle was studied. Eleven male subjects (group A) performed high-intensity intermittent training on a cycle ergometer three times per week for 6 wk, followed by 1 wk of the same kind of training with two sessions per day. Nine males (group B) exclusively performed 1 wk of training with two sessions per day. In group A, skeletal muscle total adenine nucleotide (TAN) levels decreased from 25.1 +/- 0.7 (SE) to 22.0 +/- 0.6 mmol/kg dry wt over the 6-wk period (P < 0.01). The subsequent intensive week did not further alter TAN levels. In group B, the intensive week of training reduced TAN levels from 25.1 +/- 0.5 to 19.4 +/- 0.6 mmol/kg dry wt (P < 0.001). The decrease was sustained 72 h after training (P < 0.001). During the intensive week, there was no change in plasma creatine kinase activity in either group A or group B. The plasma activity was, however, higher in group B than in group A on days 4 and 7 of the intensive week (P < 0.05). The results from this study indicate that high-intensity intermittent exercise causes a decrease in resting levels of skeletal muscle adenine nucleotide without a concomitant indication of muscle damage. A training-induced adaptation appears to occur with training by which a further loss of adenine nucleotides is prevented despite an increased training dose.
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