Phonomyogram (PMG, or acoustic myogram) is known to increase with force in isometric contractions. We investigated this relationship for dynamic contractions against different inertias. PMG and surface electromyogram (EMG) from biceps brachii and brachioradialis muscles were simultaneously recorded with the angular acceleration of elbow flexions. These were self-initiated movements (30 degrees) toward a fixed target and performed against two different inertias. PMG and EMG were integrated from the onset of the signal to the end of the acceleration phase. Phono- and electromechanical delays were also measured. For integrated EMG (iEMG), there was a linear relationship between integrated PMG (iPMG) and force, the slope of which did not depend on inertia. There was also a linear relationship between iPMG or iEMG and angular acceleration, with a higher slope for the highest inertia condition. There was also a family of linear relationships between iPMG or iEMG and angular acceleration, and their slopes depended on inertia. Measurements of the phono- and electromechanical delays showed that onset of PMG followed that of EMG but preceded onset of acceleration. It is suggested that PMG expresses tension of the underlying muscle contractile elements. Given the simplicity of the PMG method, we conclude that PMG allows convenient evaluation of muscle tension during human dynamic contraction.
- Copyright © 1992 the American Physiological Society