A procedure was developed that enables measurement of rapid variations in calf blood flow during voluntary rhythmic contraction of the calf muscles in supine, sitting, and standing positions. During the exercise, maximum blood velocity is measured by Doppler ultrasound equipment in the popliteal artery. The Doppler signals are calibrated by plethysmography to enable calculation of blood flow during exercise in ml.100 ml-1.min-1. Knowledge of the cross-sectional area of the vessel and the angle of insonation is not required in this procedure. Evaluation of the calibration method with 10 healthy volunteers showed that for each subject a new calibration was necessary after a change in posture; the relationship between the blood flow and the maximum Doppler frequency averaged over one heart cycle was linear for each calibration.
- Copyright © 1992 the American Physiological Society