The effects of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) on hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) and endothelium-dependent relaxation were examined in a blood-perfused rat lung preparation. Lungs from TNF-treated rats (0.26 mg/kg iv 12 h before experimentation) had a significantly greater HPV and a reduced vasorelaxant response to the endothelium-dependent vasodilator acetylcholine (ACh) but a similar vasorelaxant response to the endothelium-independent vasodilator nitroprusside compared with lungs from control rats (pretreated with 0.1 ml saline iv). Pentoxifylline (20 mg/kg iv and ip 20 min before administration of TNF) had no detectable effect on either HPV or ACh-induced relaxation but completely negated the augmentation on HPV and the inhibiting action on ACh-induced relaxation caused by TNF. The TNF effect on ACh relaxation was unaffected by pretreatment with L-arginine. These results indicate that TNF induces endothelial dysfunction and enhances HPV, effects that are inhibited by pentoxifylline.
- Copyright © 1992 the American Physiological Society