An electromyogram-recording electrode is described that makes it possible to record separately the electrical signals generated within two closely approximated muscle layers. The device consists of two bipolar wire hook electrodes embedded in opposite faces of a thin laminated plastic wafer. The middle lamina of the wafer is a sheet of metal foil that shields the electrical field on one side of the wafer from the bipolar electrode on the other side. The device was tested by inserting it from the inside of the chest wall between the internal and external intercostal muscle layers. Signals from the two muscle layers were clearly separated. Single motor unit spikes were attenuated by factors ranging from 41 to 2.4. The device can be implanted with minimal trauma to surrounding muscles and is suitable for chronic animal experiments.
- Copyright © 1989 the American Physiological Society