Flow limitation during forced expiration is simulated by a mathematical model. This model draws on the pressure-area law obtained in the accompanying paper, and the methods of analysis for one-dimensional flow in collapsible tubes developed by Shapiro (Trans. ASME J. Biomech. Eng. 99: 126-147, 1977). These methods represent an improvement over previous models in that 1) the effects of changing lung volume and of parenchymal-bronchial interdependence are simulated; 2) a more realistic representation of collapsed airways is employed; 3) a solution is obtained mouthward of the flow-limiting site by allowing for a smooth transition from sub- to supercritical flow speeds, then matching mouth pressure by imposing an elastic jump (an abrupt transition from super- to subcritical flow speeds) at the appropriate location; and 4) the effects of levels of effort (or vacuum pressure) in excess of those required to produce incipient flow limitation are examined, including the effects of potential physiological limitation.
- Copyright © 1988 the American Physiological Society