The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of reduced oxygenation on the contractions of pulmonary vascular and airway smooth muscle induced by leukotriene D4 (LTD4) with those induced by histamine (an agonist with similar mechanisms of smooth muscle contraction) and KCl (a voltage-dependent stimulus). During hypoxia (PO2: 40 +/- 4 Torr) the responses of isolated porcine pulmonary artery and vein spiral strips to LTD4 increased approximately three- and two-fold, respectively, and the vein also exhibited an augmented response to histamine. The augmentation was blunted (LTD4) or reversed (histamine) during anoxia (PO2: 0 +/- 2 Torr). Responses to KCl were not systematically altered by reduced oxygenation. In contrast, the contractions of the guinea pig parenchymal lung strip by all three agonists were generally suppressed by reduced oxygenation. After reoxygenation, the contractile responses of each of the three smooth muscle preparations were generally increased compared with previous and concurrent base-line observations, particularly the LTD4-induced pulmonary vein contraction that increased approximately sevenfold after reoxygenation after anoxia. The contribution (if any) of leukotrienes to hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction may reflect increased vascular responsiveness to leukotrienes during hypoxia as well as (or instead of) increased leukotriene release.
- Copyright © 1988 the American Physiological Society