The effect of selective vs. nonselective beta-blockade on fast-twitch [extensor digitorum longus (EDL)] and slow-twitch [soleus (SOL)] muscle enzyme activities following endurance training were characterized. Citrate synthase (CS), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and beta-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HAD) activities were compared in SOL and EDL muscles of trained (T), metoprolol-trained (MT), propranolol-trained (PT), and sedentary (C) rats. Following 8 wk of treadmill running (1 h/day, 5 days/wk at approximately 30 m/min), LDH activity was depressed approximately 20% (P less than 0.05) in both SOL and EDL in only the PT rats, indicating inhibition of beta 2-mediated anaerobic glycolysis. EDL CS activity was similarly elevated in all three trained groups compared with sedentary controls. In SOL muscle, however, a drug attenuation effect was observed so that CS activity was increased only in the T (P less than 0.01) and MT (P less than 0.05) groups. HAD enzyme activity was increased somewhat (P less than 0.10) in SOL muscle in only the T group, but more so (P less than 0.05) in EDL in all three trained groups. The above findings suggest a training-induced selectivity effect not only with respect to beta 1-vs. beta 1-beta 2-blockers, but also with respect to muscle fiber type.
- Copyright © 1986 the American Physiological Society