Voluntary exercise of rats in freely rotating work wheels has been extensively used, but muscle adaptations that result from such exercise training are poorly documented. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the exercise performed by voluntarily active rats would increase succinate dehydrogenase or lipoprotein lipase activities in the soleus muscle (SM) or the red portion of the vastus lateralis muscle (RV). In SM the activities of these two enzymes were not increased after 7 or 16 wk of voluntary exercise. Succinate dehydrogenase activity in RV was moderately increased after 7 and 16 wk of voluntary activity (P less than 0.05). Substantial increases occurred in RV lipoprotein lipase activity (P less than 0.01). The increase in RV lipoprotein lipase activity was positively related to distance run by the rats. The results indicate that only small muscle-dependent increases in mitochondrial enzymes occur in rats allowed to exercise voluntarily in rodent work wheels. Voluntary exercise training induced a selective increase in lipoprotein lipase activity in a muscle containing a high percentage of fast-twitch red fibers, a response absent in a muscle containing a predominance of slow-twitch red fibers. It is unlikely that this differential response can be explained by exercise-induced changes in plasma hormone concentrations involved in the regulation of lipoprotein lipase.
- Copyright © 1986 the American Physiological Society