The morphology of integrated ("moving time average") phrenic electroneurograms (EPHR) and of tracheal (Ptr) and transdiaphragmatic (Pdi) pressure waves during occluded inspirations was studied in eight anesthetized cats breathing air and various hypercapnic and hypoxic mixtures. The shape of the rising part of EPR-, Ptr-, and Pdi-time profiles varied between animals (from convex to concave), but in each animal it remained virtually unchanged by hypoxia and hypercapnia. The shape of the Ptr and Pdi occlusion waves reflected the shape of EPHR. The relationship of EPHR to Pdi and Ptr did not change with chemical drive. It is concluded that central inspiratory activity (CIA) (as reflected by EPHR and its mechanical transforms Pdi and Ptr) increases in amplitude with stimulation of breathing but that the profile of CIA remains essentially unchanged. However, substantial differences in the time course development of phrenic activity, Pdi, and Ptr exist between cats. The fixed interrelationships among EPHR, Pdi, and Ptr indicate a proportional increase in activity among all inspiratory muscles with increased chemical drive.
- Copyright © 1981 the American Physiological Society