This study was undertaken to determine the effects of propylthiouracil-induced thyroid deficiency on a) the capacity of muscle homogenates to oxidize [2-14C]pyruvate and [U-14C]palmitate and b) glycogen depletion during exercise in liver and in fast-oxidative-glycogenolytic (FOG), fast-glycogenolytic (FG), and slow-oxidative (SO) muscle. Relative to the rates for normal rats, oxidation with pyruvate was reduced by 53, 68, and 58%, and palmitate by 40, 50, and 48% in FOG, FG, and SO muscle, respectively (P less than 0.05). Normal rats ran longer than thyroid-deficient rats at 26.7 m/min (87 ± 8 vs. 37 ± 5 min). After 40 min of running (22 m/min), the amount of glycogen consumed in normal FOG, FG, and SO muscle and in liver amounted to only 23, 12, 66, and 52%, respectively, of that for their thyroid-deficient counterparts. Also, normal rats maintained higher plasma free fatty acid levels than thyroid-deficient rats during both rest and exercise (P less than 0.05). These findings suggest that thyroid deficiency causes a reduced potential for FFA utilization in skeletal muscle that enhances its consumption of glycogen, thereby limiting endurance capacity.
- Copyright © 1980 the American Physiological Society