A rebreathing method (usood volume (VTPC) was evaluated in 13 dogs. In seven, pulmonary edema was induced by oleic acid injection. Six dogs served as controls. Values of VTPC calculated by three algorithms were compared to postmortem lung water. The first algorithm uses the C18O intercept to determine time 0 and all data to construct the alveolar disappearance curves. The second uses the beginning of inspiration as time 0. The last uses data only during the last third of expiration. The best correlation (r = 0.90) between VTPC and total lung water was obtained utilizing the first algorithm. In the control animals, mean VTPC was 188 ml, and in the edema dogs was 278 ml. Mean VTPC for all dogs was 96 +/- 14% of total lung water using the first algorithm. Another algorithm (J. Appl. Physiol.: Respirat. Environ. Exercise Physiol. 44: 782-795, 1978) was evaluated inthe edema dog group. This method gave values of VTPC 53% higher than those obtained by the first algorithm.
- Copyright © 1980 the American Physiological Society