The effects of daily intensive isotonic (68% maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 max)) and isometric (21% maximum extension force) leg exercise on plasma insulin and glucose responses to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) during 14-day bed-rest (BR) periods were investigated in seven young healthy men. The OGTT was given during ambulatory control and on day 10 of the no-exercise, isotonic, and isometric exercise BR periods during the 15-wk study. The subjects were placed on a controlled diet (mean +/- SD = 344 +/- 34 g CHO/day and 3,073 +/- 155 (SD) kcal/day) starting 10 days before each BR period. During BR, basal plasma glucose concentration remained unchanged with no exercise, but increased (P less than 0.05) to 87–89 mg/100 ml with both exercise regimens on day 2, and then fell slightly below control levels on day 13. The fall of glucose content (-11 to -15%) during BR was independent of the exercise regimen and was an adjustment for the loss of plasma vol. The intensity of the response of insulin and glucose to the OGTT (integrated area under the curves) was inversely proportional to the total daily energy expenditure during BR; i.e., the largest response with no exercise, then isometric, isotonic, and ambulatory exercise. It was estimated that at least 1,020 kcal/day must be provided by supplemental exercise to restore the hyperinsulinemia to control levels.
- Copyright © 1977 the American Physiological Society