Clearance of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) by the lungs of normal and vitamin E-deficient rats was evaluated following a 60-min exposure to 100% oxygen (O2) at 4 ATA (HBO). After exposure, lungs were isolated, ventilated, and perfused, with a recirculating system used for measurement of 5-HT clearance. Control lungs were obtained from rats exposed to air at 1 ATA. In control normal rats, fractional clearance of 5-HT was 0.78+/-0.03 (mean+/-SE). Following HBO 5-HT clearance was 0.55+/-0.04 (P less than 0.01). In control vitamin E-deficient rats. 5-HT clearance was 0.85+/-0.05 and was decreased to 0.46+/-0.03 (P less than 0.001) following HBO. To evaluate the effect of recovery time after HBO on 5-HT clearance, separate groups of rats were killed at varying intervals post-HBO. In normal rats, 5-HT clearance had returned to control levels by 3–4 after HBO; in vitamin E-deficient rats, clearance remained unchanged 4 h after HBO and was only 74% (P less than 0.001) of control values 24 h post-HBO. These results indicate that depression of pulmonary 5-HT clearance occurs in rats due to hyperoxia and is potentiated by vitamin E deficiency. This represents a reversible alteration of lung function which requires vitamin E for complete recovery.
- Copyright © 1977 the American Physiological Society