Results of animal experiments using sinusoidal changes in inspired halothane concentration showed that the ratio of variation in end-expired concentration to the variation in inspired concentration reached a plateau in theBode diagram. With the help of an uptake and distribution model, the interpretation of the results showed that the level of the plateau is determined by the overall ventilation-perfusion ratio. With a good selection of input frequency, tracer agent, and known ventilation, the ventilation-perfusion ratio and the lung perfusion can be consequently obtained noninvasively. Mean ventilation-perfusion ratio was determined with 20 human voluteers. At rest a mean ratio was found of 0.87 +/- 0.28 (SD). At a work load of 90 W a mean ratio was found of 1.19 +/- 0.19 (SD). In two individuals reproducibility and influence of CO2 was studied. At rest without additional CO2 the ventilation-perfusion ratio was 0.71 +/- 0.06 (SD) obtained with a constant breathing rate of 10/min. At an end-expired CO2 level of 6% the ventilation-perfusion ratio was increased almost 2.5 times. The calculated perfusion with and without increased end-expired CO2 levels under the same work load were well reproducible.
- Copyright © 1976 the American Physiological Society