To assess the ventilatory responses elicited by changes of tissue hypoxia, sodium cyanide (0.12 mg/kg-min for 10 min) was infused into the upper abdominal aorta of anesthetized dogs. These infusions produced decreases in oxygen consumption, increases in arterial lactate concentration, and increases in arterial lactate/pyruvate ratio. Coincident with these metabolic changes of hypoxia, minute ventilation (VE) increased 228 +/- SE 36% and arterial PCO2 decreased 21 +/- SE 2 mmHg; therefore, pH increased both in arterial blood in and cisternal cerebrospinal fluid. Following infusion of cyanide into the abdominal aorta, small quantities of cyanide (48 +/- SE 14 mumol/liter) appeared in carotid arterial blood. To evaluate the possibility that the observed increases in VE were due to stimulation of peripheral arterial chemoreceptors by the recirculating cyanide, the carotid and aortic chemoreceptors were denervated in four dogs. Nonetheless, after intra-aortic infusion of sodium cyanide (1.2 mg/kg), ventilation in these chemodenervated animals again increased considerably (154 +/- SE 36%). In order to explore the possibility that cyanide infusion can stimulate ventilation by an extracranial mechanism, heads of vagotomized dogs (including the carotid bodies) were perfused entirely by donor dogs. The intra-aortic infusion of sodium cyanide (0.9 mg/kg) into these head-perfused animals still caused large increases in VE (163 +/- SE 19%). It is concluded that intra-aortic cyanide infusions stimulate VE by an extracranial mechanism other than the carotid and aortic chemoreceptors.
- Copyright © 1975 the American Physiological Society