The present study was designed to evaluate the specificity-generality of the cardiorespiratory adaptation to swim training. Fifteen male, college age, recreational swimmers utilized interval swim training procedures 1 h/day, 3 days/wk for 10 wk. Maximum physiological measures (Vo2, Ve, HR, R, and work time) were determined prior to and following swim training during treadmill running and tethered swimming Vo2max tests. Identical measures were made on 15 control subjects who did not participate in any form of training. As a result of training, the experimental subjects significantly increased (all P is less than 0.01) their swimming Vo2max (380 ml/min) max Ve (14.9 l/min,btps) and max swim time (4.0 min), and significantly decreased (P is less than 0.05) their max HR (3.5 beats/min). However, there was no significant improvement in Vo2max when the same subjects were evaluated by the treadmill running test. Differences in Vo2max and associated measures during running and swimming tests remained essentially unchanged for control subjects. The results of the present study clearly demonstrate the specificity of the cardiorespiratory adaptation to swim training in male recreational swimmers.
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